The steps to take to become an expatriate in France (Part 2)
Expatriation requires the preparation of administrative procedures.The steps to become an expatriate in france will vary, depending on the type of visa the foreigner wants to get. In a previous article, we detailed the steps to obtain a Passport Talent visa. Here we will see the different phases to get a long-stay visa.
The long stay visa
This visa concerns the employees on permanent contract or fixed-term contract . Valid for up to 12 months, it allows foreigners to stay and work in France. It also allows them to obtain a first temporary residence permit in France. You can get it under several conditions, which we will list below.
This visa is for anyone who wishes to work on a fixed-term or indeterminate contract. However, it is not necessary for some citizens. Those of the European Economic Area, Swiss, Andorran, Monegasque, St. Martin, the Vatican are exempt.
First step : work authorisation
To obtain a long-stay visa, the expatriate must be allowed to work on French territory. Therefore, the employer must apply for a work permit. He has to apply with the DIRECCTE.
To get the application for a work permit, companies can be assisted by firms such as Cooptalis. They take care of this type of approach, while advising companies on the steps to follow.
This visa will be obtained in a different way, depending on the status of the profession on the French market.
If the job situation is applicable: the employer must prove that no candidate has been found on the French market. To do so, he must post a job ad for four to five weeks on the APEC or Pôle Emploi. In the end, he can prove that no candidate who responded to the ad matched the position. Then, he received a certificate from the Employment Centre confirming this.
If it is not opposable, it is on the list of shortage occupations. It is then necessary to show that the profession is on that list.
Second step : medical visit
It is compulsory, regardless of the expatriation country. It has to be done before the arrival on French territory, in the country of origin. The expatriate will have to go to the OFII (French Office of Immigration and Integration). However, not all countries have a representation of OFII in situ. The countries that have a representation of OFII in situ are the following ones : Armenia, Cameroon, Mali, Morocco, Romania, Senegal, Tunisia, and Turkey. For the others ones, the foreigner will have to undergo his medical check-up when arriving in France.
Third step : the visa
Then, the expatriate can apply for a visa.
It is done with:
- The Embassy
- The Consulate
- Visa centers
Fourth step : procedures with the OFII
We mentioned this organization before, it is with him that the expatriate will make his medical. Here is the OFII of the country of expatriation. When he arrived in France, he had to register with this organization. To do this, you will have to send a copy of the passport and visa. A copy of the border police-certified entry stamp will also be requested. The French Office of Immigration and Integration will then convene him to take a french language test. If the medical examination has not yet been done, he will do so at the same time.
Last step : the resident permit
The expatriate has to apply for it 2 or 3 months (depending on the prefectures) before the expiry date of the long stay visa. It will be valid for a maximum of four years, if the foreigner has signed a permanent contract. If he is on a fixed-term contract, the duration of the residence permit will be equivalent to that of his employment contract.